Transactions of the American Society of Civil Engineers, Vol. LXVIII, Sept. 1910 - Alfred Noble

Title: Transactions of the American Society of Civil Engineers, Vol. LXVIII, Sept. 1910

Author: Alfred Noble

Date: 1914-01-01

Transactions of the American Society of Civil Engineers, Vol. LXVIII, Sept. 1910 - Alfred Noble

This investigation developed the fact that the reaction from the superstructure was so great that, for economy, both in first cost and space occupied, the batter must be sufficient to cause that reaction to fall within or very close to the middle third. Nothing could have been gained by having that reaction fall back of the front of the middle third, as the wall was required to be stable against the full pressure before the superstructure was erected, and in case it should ever be removed; or, to state the matter more clearly, the reaction from the superstructure was so great in comparison to the weight of the wall, that, if it fell in front of the resultant of all the other forces, the width of base required would be greatly increased to make the wall stable after the superstructure was erected.